Software Development Team Structure: Roles & Responsibilities

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January 27, 2022
January 28, 2022

The world of software development is a complex and error-prone area, and even the most skilled software developer is not able to implement perfect solutions by themselves. This is why every software development team can benefit from a Quality Assurance Engineer on board. The primary role of the backend developer in the software development team is to be Chief Technological Problem Solver. It’s the person who writes complex and sophisticated algorithms and application logic that makes all the magic happen under the hood.

On the other hand, communication is not exactly a forte of this type of software development team. Often times being a very narrow specialist, team members may lack general understanding of what are the roles of other team members, and thus making communication between them somewhat ineffective. The project manager acts as the spokesperson for both the client and the development team, serving as a bridge for technical and people related issues. The PM will perform analysis and evaluation of the client’s requirements to create a development plan in accordance with the agreed scope, budget, and timeline. The main responsibility of a DevOps engineer is building a project infrastructure and setting up CI/CD (continuous integration/continuous delivery) pipelines.

software development team roles

Agile teams open up an opportunity to shorten the time-to-market, develop a product of higher quality, generate winning ideas, and manage your development budget in the smartest way possible. When the team shares a common goal, every person knows exactly what they need to do to make the whole thing work. The expectations, roles in a software development team, and areas of responsibility are defined from the start, and people hold each other accountable for making progress. An agile software development team can help you stay on top of changes and updates that might impact your project.


This person acts as a bridge between the product owner and developers, monitoring the project status and communicating technical requirements. When working on a software project, you’ll want to consider the structure of your development team very carefully. Building a reliable software program requires a broad skill and knowledge base, and your team will need to reflect this. Using the Agile structure can help you make better use of your team members’ individual talents and be more productive in the process. The project manager is the person responsible for determining who will handle which tasks and when things will get done.

The designer’s responsibility is to create a visual interpretation of your idea. In cooperation with a BA, a designer creates a prototype that allows you to reach out to potential investors. A BA identifies the existing problem and describes what solution to implement. An SA reviews the project objectives and states how to implement the solution in an app. Ensure you can protect your concept and efforts before working on a project.

Small business

Boost your development capacity, fit in a tight schedule, and spend no time on local hires by leveraging a dedicated Agile team. Get free resources to help create great software and manage high-performing teams. Provide feedback about the results of the quality assurance tasks to take corrective actions. Evaluate the execution of processes and production of deliverables according to the defined software process.

  • And to establish productive communication, encourage using messaging apps, like Slack or Microsoft Teams, as they are simpler and faster to use.
  • The business analyst bridges the gap between technology and business on the project.
  • Aside from coding and designing, software developers need to spot and fix bugs efficiently.
  • DevOps engineers serve as a link between the two teams, unifying and automating the software delivery process and helping strike a balance between introducing changes quickly and keeping an application stable.
  • It’s the person who writes complex and sophisticated algorithms and application logic that makes all the magic happen under the hood.
  • You asked a group of friends to test it and they immediately fell in love with it.
  • As an alternative to native development, you may consider a cross-platform approach.

Remember that creating a clear structure is the foundation of your project’s success. In the search for the perfect solution, it is not uncommon to find that off-the-shelf products don’t offer solutions fitting your needs and business model. If you are looking to understand what software consultants companies can do for you, keep reading. It involves implementing the right testing protocols, as well as collecting the data from various tests. The Project Manager is mainly focused on controlling the software project. They are responsible for knowing the “who, what, where, when and why” of the software plan and ensuring that the project goals are achieved.

They use technology-oriented analysis to ensure business requirements are met. Unlike generalists, this type of teams consists of members that are highly skilled in a particular field. The advantage of specialists is clear — they can address a specific matter with all their knowledge and expertise, resulting in more efficient and effective work.

Why is setting the right team essential for project success?

But developers are like athletes – they each have different specialisations and experience levels. And without being specific with your needs and expectations, such a search is … pointless. Stakeholders count as part of the broader Agile team because they provide input on how the product should develop. They can also help to decide how to deal with any issues that arise during development.

The job of a software tester is to verify whether an application meets the requirements — both functional and non-functional ones. Functional requirements define what an application should do, while non-functional requirements specify how it should do that. To verify both, test engineers run various checks, followed by analyzing the test results and reporting on the application quality.

software development team roles

Also, an important skill besides writing a coherent code is estimating the amount of time needed to deliver a given task. The work on the visual aspect of a product is referred to as UI design. The designer brings the interface to life by applying the user experience architecture defined by the UX designer.

Software Development Team Roles and Responsibilities

In order to have the most efficient and skilled team, we advise you to first consult with the development company and discuss what kind of project you have in mind and what you hope to achieve. By knowing your business needs, a company will be able to compose a suitable development team that will 100% deliver the expected results. We also recommend checking out this article where we discuss different pricing software development team roles models – it might happen that you will need extra talent during the development process . The product team structure of “specialists” includes experts with a first-class skill set, able to cope with narrow tasks. Everyone is a professional in their niche and therefore bears full responsibility for an element of their project. Such an arrangement is also fairly common for software development teams.

When assembling a development team, a company first evaluates your project idea and then suggests corresponding specialists based on the needed skills and experience. Typically, such a role is given to one of the developers, not necessarily the best or most experienced. This person should have leadership qualities which allow for maintaining communication between remote development teams and for example – clients.

Some teams will have other specialist roles, or won’t have one of these main roles, depending on the project you are working on. The business analyst bridges the gap between technology and business on the project. The project’s success is just as dependent on a good business model as it is on good technology. The business analyst assesses the current market and customer trends and determines how the software project fits into that.

Embedded Software Engineer

If there are no dedicated testers in the project staff, their functions are usually delegated to developers. At the same time, it is considered that developers cannot correctly test their own codes, and therefore cross-testing is a better option. Based on these important elements you can decide what kind of team size is your solution.According to Scrum methodology, the optimal team size is between 3 and 9 members with 7 being the most perfect fit.


Quite obviously, with fewer team members, it may take longer to complete the project. A Software Architect makes high-level design choices based on non-functional requirements and dictates coding standards together with tools and platforms. This person is also responsible for reviewing the code, ensuring the design’s quality, avoiding too much complexity and focusing on clarity.

To reduce project expenses without sacrificing quality at the initial stages of development, consider opting for any of the Agile project management methodologies. You could deliver in increments, focusing on high-priority features first, and have more cost flexibility. Although the product owner communicates closely with the rest of the development team, they aren’t responsible for how the software development team meets the project objectives. A skilled, responsible, open-minded, and friendly team with wide yet deep expertise in IT product development lays the foundation for a product’s success.

The idea of such teams is that they can work faster and be more adaptable than traditional project groups. Agile teams are designed to work iteratively, completing one part of the project at a time, which increases productivity and reduces risk. Top-down management is slowly becoming a thing of the past because great teams with common goals and shared vision don’t need to be pushed. They do their job well because they want to, not because they are forced to do so.


A test engineer develops test plans and test cases, then executes tests to validate the product and find possible errors or bugs in its functionality. And if you do, you probably want to invest it in critical business development tasks, not in software testing. But with software engineers working eight hours a day on writing, fixing, and refactoring code, you’ll need to invest a great deal of time on testing. With a myriad of apps and websites, it’s a challenge to attract users’ attention and make a potential user take a look at your app, but it takes just a second to lose a user forever.

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